Must I Disclose Nonprofit Information to a
Should an organization disclose nonprofit information?“A complete stranger asked me for a copy of my organization’s annual return. She said if I don’t give her a copy right away, she’ll complain to the IRS and I’ll get a fine. Is she right? What do I do?” We get this kind of a call from time to time. Sometimes it comes from the other side. “Can I force them to show me what they are doing? I think they are not doing things right? Isn’t there some way to find out what they are doing?” Sometimes it even comes from a director or officer of the nonprofit who is excluded from knowing what is going on! Must you disclose nonprofit information? First of all, this blog will be limited to federal law, since it’s federal law that requires certain information to be disclosed by a 501c3. It is the IRS that gives the determination of 501c3 status, so it is the IRS that requires certain disclosures. (Actually, it is Congress operating through the IRS.) State law may also require certain disclosure. So, from the IRS point of view, let’s take a look at what is required.
Public Inspection Rules for 501(c)(3) OrganizationsIn return for not paying income taxes and for receiving tax-deductible contributions, Congress requires 501(c)(3) organizations to disclose the following nonprofit information to the public upon request:
- Annual returns for three years after the due date, including any extensions: —Form 990, 990-EZ, 990-PF, and any Forms 990-T filed after August 17, 2006 Annual returns
- All Form 990 schedules (except Schedule B), attachments, and supporting documents
- Application for exemption and all supporting documents: Form 1023 , if you filed the form on or after July 15, 1987
- Letter from the IRS ruling that your organization has tax-exempt status
When do you have to disclose these documents?
Simple answer: Normally, on the day you are asked for them.
What if your nonprofit does not have a permanent office? Many nonprofits are run out of someone’s home. Some nonprofits have no office or has limited hours at certain times of the year. Do the documents have to be disclosed on the day they are requested? No, the requested information should be made available within two weeks.
So far, we have talked about disclosing the documents. This means allowing them to be viewed. But in addition to permitting inspection of these documents, you must provide copies of the information requested, whether the request is made in person or in writing. How much can you charge for providing copies? Only a reasonable fee to cover the cost of the copies.
Simple Solution: The Internet
You are NOT required to share…
- Schedule B of Form 990/990-EZ Why not? Because you do not have to identify your contributors by name—only the amounts and natures of the contributions.
- Unfavorable rulings What is an example of an unfavorable ruling? An earlier denial of tax-exempt status is an example of an unfavorable ruling.
- Certain types of information that the IRS approved withholding What are some examples? Trade secrets, patents, processes, styles of work, and national defense material.